An intracranial tumor is a brain tumor characterized by the growth of abnormal cells within the brain. Brain tumors are either cancerous (malignant) or noncancerous (benign). Brain cancer interferes with normal brain and bodily functions and requires immediate neurosurgical intervention. It is estimated that over 16,000 Americans are diagnosed annually with a brain tumor.
Primary Malignant Brain Tumors
The majority of brain tumors are malignant. They are significantly more aggressive and grow faster than benign tumors. Management of malignant brain tumors depends primarily on their location and health of the patient. The most common type of primary brain tumor is a glioma. They originate from glial cells in the brain or spine and account for half of all primary brain tumors.
The three main types of gliomas include:
Secondary Metastatic Brain Tumors
Metastatic brain tumors originate in other areas of the body such as the lungs, kidneys or breasts and then spread to the brain. They account for 10-15% of all brain tumors, making them more common than primary brain tumors. They are characterized by lesions in the brain and mirror the symptoms of primary brain tumors.
Brain Cancer Symptoms
Brain tumors vary in size, location, severity and symptom. Brain cancer symptoms vary in each individual. Note that not all brain tumors cause symptoms. Related symptoms are listed below:
- Severe headaches
- Decreased coordination
- Vision abnormalities
- Hearing impairment
- Speech difficulties
- Abnormal behavior
- Loss of memory
- Inability to concentrate
- Personality changes
It is critical to undergo diagnostic testing to determine the cause of your symptoms as the above may apply to conditions or diseases other than a brain tumor. Avoid jumping to conclusions and seek medical treatment first.
Causes and Risk Factors
Researchers continue to study the causes of brain tumors. Known causes and risk factors have been highlighted throughout the years but do not carry definite weight. Genetic conditions, family history, radiation exposure and preexisting cancers have been suspected to cause brain cancer. The fact of the matter is that brain tumors occur unexpectedly and require undivided neurosurgical attention.
Brain Tumor Surgery
Surgery has proven to be effective in removing malignant and benign brain tumors from an affected area. Those that are deeply embedded in the brain’s tissue require extended treatment options. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy may be combined with brain tumor surgery for effective results. Our neurosurgeons implement advanced treatment through the CyberKnife Robotic Radiosurgery System. This innovative device effectively delivers accurate doses of radiation to specific brain tumors without incisions or bleeding.
We Are With You Every Step of the Way
You are not alone in your fight against brain cancer. Located conveniently in New Jersey, our practice is equipped with a neurosurgery team that will compassionately guide you through every stage of treatment. If you have recently been diagnosed with a brain tumor, contact us at (908) 688-8800.